Stella Jepkoech Kulei, Jennifer Oyieke, Blasio Osogo Omuga, Vincent K Mukthar


Objective: This study sought to establish the maternal determinants of neonatal mortality among mothers delivering in Nakuru county level 5 Hospital, Kenya..

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used and a total of 278 respondents took part in the study. Questionnaires, focused group discussion and key informants interview guide were used to collect data..

RESULTS: 20% (n=56) of the respondents reported having had a neonatal death in their present and past pregnancies hence a prevalence rate of 21 %( 95% CI). Neonatal mortality was significantly associated with the mother’s demographic, cultural and social factors. Moreover, from qualitative data, there was a linkage between neonatal deaths and maternal economic factors.

CONCLUSION: Most maternal determinants had an influence on neonatal mortality thus accepted the alternative hypothesis in the study. The Health care providers should ensure that mothers are empowered with knowledge on prevention of neonatal mortality which should include counseling on risk factors like advanced age during pregnancy and risk of multiple sexual partners. First time mothers should be encouraged to join social support groups during pregnancy and after delivery for better neonatal outcome and more studies in other establishments should also be done to support and validate the findings of this study.

Keywords: Maternal determinants, Neonatal mortality, Mothers delivering and Neonatal mortality rate.


Maternal determinants, Neonatal mortality, Mothers delivering and Neonatal mortality rate.

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